It is to be expected a revolution that could completely change our everyday life. Artificial intelligence holds immense opportunities, but also risks.
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Currently, the United States is a leader in artificial intelligence (AI) research. They contributed primarily to the development of deep learning-based systems characterized by the possibility of independent learning. However, technology in the US is not yet a practical part of everyday life. On the other hand, China has already succeeded in using Artificial Intelligence in many areas of daily life. China, with its 1,4 billion inhabitants, acts as a pilot field for many pilot technologies and has thus strongly promoted the implementation of the AI. For example, mobile payments are now so prevalent that 2017 18,8 trillion mobile transactions totaled more than the country's total gross domestic product.
At Artificial Intelligence divide the spirits
Tesla's CEO Elon Musk, who portrays the development of AI as a threat to all of humanity, and Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg, who sees the future of homo sapiens in algorithms and automation, routinely make a prominent mud fight. A fear often mentioned in society is the replacement of human labor by robots.
The loss of jobs through automation and intelligent machines, many see as the greatest threat of artificial intelligence. The most important advantage, on the other hand, is the improvement of labor productivity, for which appropriate education and training is a prerequisite.
Expert Kai Fu Lee shows possibilities of coexistence between man and machine
Kai Fu Lee in the TED Talk "How to save humanity", August 2018
In his current book "AI Superpowers, China, Silicon Valley and the new world order"Shows Dr. Kai Fu Lee, that it does not necessarily lead to massive job losses, but rather a rethinking is required. An example from the past shows that although industrial processes have reduced manual work processes, innovation and invention have created new jobs elsewhere. Similarly, it should be in the view of Kai Fu Lee also with the artificial intelligence. The ex-president of Google China and current CEO of Sinovation Ventures, sees the opportunity, through the proper use of artificial intelligence, to prioritize priorities and improve our quality of life.
Kai Fu Lee's Matrix of the Coexistence of Humans and Artificial Intelligence
The future division of humans and AI into the world of work, from the TED Talk by Kai Fu Lee
While adaptive machines can replace many routine jobs, certain activities will be brought to the forefront, requiring properties that are reserved for humans alone. These include emotional and social intelligence, creativity, critical thinking, decision-making, and teamwork. In his view, it is above all social professions, such as teaching and nursing staff, that can be promoted more intensively. In times of globalization and demographic change, this is indispensable in his opinion.
Elon Musk and Steven Hawking are critical of the AI trend
Experts, however, consider the rapidly growing collection of personal data, in the Clouds less technology companies, as critical. In addition to Elon Musk, physicist Steven Hawking predicted many risks for artificial intelligence. The reason for this is not only the clichéd autonomy of machine life, but also issues of data security and so-called technical ethics. Who bears the responsibility for errors caused by machines, especially when, for example, in the field of medicine, human health is at stake. In addition, hacker attacks can have devastating consequences.
Nevertheless, Artificial Intelligence has slowly but surely made it into our lives. From the face recognition software of the Apple X to the adaptive systems of digital voice assistants Siri, Alexa and Co. Against the background of the increasing digitization and the associated challenge of processing enormous volumes of data, knowledge technology will certainly continue to progress. Global data volume has grown by more than 2010% per year since 50, especially as more and more devices around us are connected to the Internet.