Mobility plays a central role in our society. Four innovative concepts meet today's challenges and point the way to a mobility of the future.
Tesla Model 3
Since the invention of the automobile, our society has changed a lot. Mobility has become normal and necessary. Because flexible work and the desire for an independent life have made individual mobility indispensable. Now we are experiencing a new change. The mobility of the future has to face problems like congested roads and climate change. Where this rapid development is, is already foreseeable today.
Smart instead of status: the change to a mobility of the future
According to the ADAC study "The Evolution of Mobility" Every year, Germans spend a total of approx. 1,2 trillion passenger kilometers. Increasing globalization and the trend towards a flexible way of life will increase this number even further. But the way we move will change a lot. The mobility of the future needs manifold possibilities and smart concepts.
Even today there are many people who correspond to the mobility type of the so-called "mobile innovator". Their lifestyle is characterized by an "as well as" attitude: they want to be modern and flexible. But they also want to live up to environmental and resource conservation. Already today they use alternatives to the car, eg bicycles, public transport and sharing offers.
Mobile Innovators want to live environmentally friendly and yet do without anything. Thus, they are pioneers and show what future-proof mobility can look like today.
The mobility of the future will not make the car redundant. Rather, there will be a change here. The car will no longer be a status symbol, but a means to an end. It will be an important part of new concepts. These will be according to the McKinsey Center for Future Mobility characterized above all by four mobility trends:
Mobility of the Future - 4 Megatrends
The industry today faces completely new challenges. Research and development work intensively on new technologies. Four strong trends dominate the market and development, according to McKinsey:
- Autonomous driving
- Shared mobility
- Electric Mobility
1. Autonomous driving
There will be strong growth in this area. Because today only 1% of vehicles sold have assistants that could implement parts of autonomous driving. By 2025, it should be up to 80%. They will play an important role and be loud especially in public transport Experts reduce the accident rate drastically. There are also test projects for fully autonomous vehicles:
The Robotaxi service "Waymo One" by Google, for example, but also large car companies such as BMW and Mercedes are working on the further development of such technologies. The "Apple Car" is officially not confirmed, but so Apple has recently taken over the US startup Drive.ai. The company develops retrofit solutions that could turn popular cars into self-driving vehicles.
Google Waymo JAGUAR I-PACE SUV, self-driving electric vehicle, source: Waymo
2. Shared mobility
Especially local and regional, there are already many offers Shared mobility, 2017 has invested around 32 billion dollars in appropriate start-ups. Again, great growth is predicted. For where today only 1% of the driven kilometers is covered by means of sharing offers, one expects an increase to around 80%.
This goes in particular with the trend away from the car as a status symbol, towards the commercial vehicle and can protect the environment and possibly also save costs.
In an increasingly networked society, the car will also be equipped with more connectivity in the future. Because even today you can see that this aspect is becoming more and more important as part of the purchase decision. Connectivity is a prerequisite for many practical and comfortable functions for the driver, such as the personal voice assistant or the navigation system.
In addition, connectivity will enable vehicles to communicate with each other in the future and identify systems in public infrastructure, such as traffic lights. Connectivity thus goes hand in hand with the development of autonomous driving.
Today, the proportion of electrically driven vehicles is only around 5% globally. Until 2021, car manufacturers in 50 want to incorporate such alternative drives in% of the new models. With the introduction of regional driving bans in major European cities, there is a strengthening of the market for Electric Mobility to be considered secure in the near future.
Whether hybrid or fully electric, not only will there be more choice in electric vehicles, but they will probably be produced to a greater extent. In addition, the expansion of infrastructure for charging stations is currently the focus of state subsidies.
Mobility as an engine of innovation
We can not exist without individual mobility. But in the face of crowded cities and progressive climate change, implementing a sustainable mobility concept is very important. It thereby becomes the engine for innovation and technology. For an environmentally friendly, smart and sustainable mobility of the future.